People who are extremely obese can have bariatric surgery. This is a procedure that allows them to lose weight. Bariatric surgery can be a great option to manage your weight and lose fat when other methods like diet and exercise are ineffective. Weight loss can be caused by bariatric surgery. This is because the stomach holds less food, which causes a combination gastric restriction/malabsorption. Many bariatric procedures can cause hormonal changes. Gastric bypass, sleeve gastric band, adjustable gastric bands, and biliopancreatic divert with duodenal switch are the most common types of bariatric surgery. Each procedure has its advantages and disadvantages. Today, most weight loss procedures are done using minimally invasive techniques (laparoscopic).
The following conditions must be met by candidates for bariatric surgery:
The BMI (Body Mass Index), of a candidate should be between 35-40. A candidate must also have an obesity-related condition such as diabetes mellitus or severe sleep apnea. BMI can be calculated by multiplying the person’s weight in kilograms and their height in meters squared.
These are just a few of the requirements for a Bariatric Surgery candidate.
Willingness to exercise at least ninety minutes per week
For more than five years, you have been overweight.
Willingness to change lifestyle and eating habits.
I have had some success in the short-term with other serious weight loss efforts.
Auto-immune diseases are not allowed.
Different types of bariatric surgery
Gastrectomy with Gastric Sleeve
Sleeve Gastrectomy is also known as gastric Sleeve surgery. It’s performed to remove approximately 85% of the stomach. A sleeve is used to shape the remaining 15% of the stomach’s original capacity. You can limit the food that the stomach can take. The patient is able to recover quickly and without any foreign objects.
This procedure is used to divide the stomach into two equal sections. Food consumption is limited to 5 percent. At the time of digestion, the food is emptied from the small stomach pocket located in the upper intestinale. This process results in excess weight loss of 60-80%.
Biliopancreatic Diversion creates a smaller stomach, just like gastric bypass surgery. This means that food is not completely absorbed into the intestine. This surgery is for those who are more severe than severely obese. Super obesity is defined as a BMI (body Mass Index) of 50 or more. The patient will feel fuller after surgery than when their stomach was the original size. This decreases the amount of food that the patient wants to eat. This means that less calories are absorbed by bypassing the intestine. This results in weight loss. Super obese patients are the exception to the rule.
This is a quick and easy procedure that can be done quickly. An inflatable band is placed around the stomach’s upper portion. This divides the stomach into 2 equal parts. The upper stomach is used as a new stomach. Food intake is limited and weight loss is promoted. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric bands, also known as lap-bands, are inflatable silicone devices that are placed on top of the stomach to treat obesity. They slow down food intake and reduce food consumption.
SILS (Single-Incision Laparpscopic Surgery).
SILS is the next generation in laparoscopy. Access is made through one port and not multiple. The procedure is virtually scarless thanks to the use of new port and roticulator tools. It will be hidden inside the abdomen button, making it practically painless. Although it takes longer, this procedure is quicker and offers a faster recovery than conventional laparoscopy. Patients also find it to be a more comfortable option.
Endoscopic treatments are available for obese patients. The popularity of endoluminal bariatric surgery for weight loss is growing. It can reduce excess weight by up to 40% and resolve co-morbidities by as much as 60%. There are very few options for procedures such as intragastric balloon, primary gastric surgery, outlet reduction for failed gastroplasty, pouch creation and endobarrier bypass sleeves.
Restrictive Procedure – The Lap Gastric Band
The primary purpose of the surgery is to reduce food intake. This is done to make a person feel satisfied with a limited amount of food. Because there is less food outlet, food stays in the stomach longer. This is a way to reduce daily calories without feeling deprivation. Gastric band has many benefits, including:
Even if the band is removed, the stomach will return to its original form.
Also, the recovery period is slightly shorter.
It is not possible to cut, remove or staple stomach tissue.
As the band can be adjusted, the surgeon can control the size of pouch outlet.
Malabsorptive procedures-Roux -En- Y Gastric Bypass
This helps to alter digestion. By using Malabsorptive methods, the length of your intestine can be reduced. The food that comes into contact with the intestine absorbs less calories. Roux-en-Y has been referred to as the gold standard for weight loss surgery.
Obesity can lead to medical conditions such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure and sleep apnea. These conditions can be improved or eliminated after surgery.
The excess body weight of 70 to 80% is lost.
Surgery can increase insulin sensitivity and alter the metabolism of carbohydrates. Sometimes, the surgery can eliminate the need to take diabetes medication.
The average weight loss achieved by gastric band surgery or sleeve-gastrectomy is significantly greater than that of the average person.
Aftercare for Bariatric Surgery
You must continue to eat less and change your eating habits to maintain weight loss. Weight loss surgery can help you change your eating habits by providing you with an early feeling of satisfaction after a small meal, and a prolonged feeling full so you can stick to your diet.
India is well-known for its affordable Bariatric Surgery. India’s Bariatric Surgery is the best option for weight loss. For long-term, effective results, specialized medical and diet plans will be prescribed. Cost of surgery will vary depending on the type of operation required. India’s finest Bariatric Surgery is known for its top hospitals, modern technology and friendly hospitality.