Dentistry is a branch of medicine concerned with the health of the teeth, gums and oral tissues. The field plays an important role in overall health. Dentists prevent and treat diseases and conditions of the teeth, gums and oral-facial areas. They also help to detect oral cancer and other systemic diseases. Some advances in dentistry include genetic engineering, salivary diagnostics, and continued development of new materials and techniques.
Dental care is an important aspect of your overall health, and dentists specialize in diagnosing and treating oral health problems. A general dentist is an individual who will treat your teeth, gums, and other parts of your mouth. Regular visits to the dentist will prevent diseases and strengthen your teeth. Visiting a dentist every six months will keep your mouth healthy and help you feel better about yourself. It will also prevent serious problems that can affect your overall health. General dentistry involves general dental services, like cleanings. A general dentist should be visited at least twice a year to maintain your oral health. They will use special tools to remove plaque and check your teeth, gums, cheeks, and tongue. They will also check your jawbone for damage. Catching oral health issues early is the best way to avoid more serious problems later. If you suffer from a specific problem, a dentist can treat it.
Dental implants are the advanced standard treatment for anyone who wants to replace a missing tooth, or is fed up with loose dentures, or who suffers from loose failing teeth. Dental implants may rebuild your confidence with a new functional set of solid teeth.
A dental implant is a small metal cone of 3-5 mm in diameter and 7-21 mm long, which functions as a tooth root. It is installed into your jawbone and becomes a part of your jaw holding an imitation of a tooth. The metal screw is made of a biocompatible material, which is neutral to health and does not (or hardly ever) cause allergic reactions. The most common material used in dentistry is titanium, although there are also implants made of zirconium oxide. Both of the materials are extremely durable and can withstand the stresses that the tooth roots are subjected to in normal conditions.
Once the artificial tooth root is placed in your gums, a superstructure is mounted – a prosthetic structure (prosthetic crown, prosthetic bridge or removable denture), which perfectly reproduces the tooth crown. An implant with a crown looks exactly like a natural tooth – the titanium part is completely hidden under the gum, while the ceramic part or teeth in the denture are selected thoroughly so that their colour, transparency and gloss fully match the features of natural teeth.
There are several conditions for which implant placement might be suggested by the dentist. The most common are:
single tooth missing (single implant held by one screw installed in order to substitute for one lost or cracked tooth);
multiple teeth missing (missing several teeth located next to each other or in different places of the mouth, bridge implants that usually hold 3 crowns with two screws on each side of the bridge)
complete absence of teeth (a whole arch of artificial new teeth fixed by 4, 5 or 6 implants that substitute for the entire jaw)
In all the above cases, dental implants replace the missing teeth, and thus form the basis for the attachment of crowns, prosthetic bridges or dentures.
There are many types of dental implants which differ in quality, methods of implantation and cost of production. When it comes to bone structure and possible bone grafting involved due to lack of sufficient jaw bone, one can distinguish between two specific types of dental implants:
Endosteal dental implant – the most common type of dental implants in use currently, employed in most cases where sufficient bone structure is healthy and only if the patient does not suffer from periodontal disease. It is fixed into the jawbone in the place of an extracted tooth root and mounted with a metal abutment.
Subperiosteal dental implant – differs when it comes to the plant type: it takes the form of a custom-made metal framework that needs to fit exactly to the patient’s jawbone and is installed onto the jawbone itself, not into it. This type of implants is less frequent as it requires more work and gum healing time than the classic endosteal implants.
The most popular implants today are titanium implants. They were used for the first time in 1965 in Sweden, by the Swedish doctor, a father of modern dental implantology, professor Per-Ingvar Branemark. They are extremely durable and can be used by most patients without side effects. Titanium is well tolerated by the human body, therefore titanium implants quickly integrate with the surrounding bones, which makes them an ideal stable support for a crown, bridge or prosthesis. Their disadvantage is the silver-gray colour.
An alternative to titanium are zirconium implants, also known as ceramic implants. Their texture and colour are deceptively similar to the natural tooth tissue, and they show high biological compatibility with it, as well as high resistance to external factors. They hardly ever cause allergies or allergic reactions. Another advantage is that they do not react to temperature changes in the oral cavity and are resistant to acid substances. They do not change the taste of consumed foods, do not interact with other materials used in dentistry and are completely safe.
Whether you are looking for cosmetic dentistry, or a comprehensive checkup, dental treatment in India is a great option. While the cost of dental treatments is lower than in the US, quality is still excellent. For example, a common tooth extraction can cost up to 90% less than in the US. If you are considering a complex procedure, you should consider dental insurance. Medical tourism corporations have many years of experience finding reputable clinics abroad. Compared to dental treatments in the United States, dental treatment in India is inexpensive and highly effective. The quality of treatment is also higher than in other countries. All dental clinics in India use state-of-the-art technology and trained doctors. You can expect a top-notch service at a fraction of the cost of dental treatment in the west. In addition, dental care in India is much more affordable than in most western countries. In India, dental care is available to almost everyone. Patients can choose between general and specialized procedures, depending on the condition of their teeth. While a variety of dental treatment options are available, Indian dentists are known for their skill and attention to detail. A dentist in India is highly experienced and can provide the best care for you. They also know how to give you the smile you’ve always dreamed of.